Greenshank national survey in the UK, 1995
This dataset contains derived breeding territories of Greenshanks from the 1995 national survey. Greenshank (Tringa nebularia) are sensitive to human land use activities such as aforestation and their breeding range is thought to have contracted, with an associated decline in breeding numbers, since 1980. However, Greenshank numbers in the Outer Hebrides are thought to have increased considerably, with breeding being confirmed on the Shetland islands for the first time in 1980. Despite the extensive study of the Greenshank breeding behaviour this was the first ever national survey of this species. The survey was funded by the RSPB, JNCC and SNH through the Statutory Conservation Agencies RSPB Annual Breeding Birds Scheme (SCARABBS) programme.
Approximately 8% of the breeding range of the Greenshank was surveyed. The breeding range is entirely in Scotland and was divided up into 332 5 km squares. These squares were stratified into high and low quality and a random sample of the both the high and low quality squares were surveyed (49 low and 52 high).
These data have been collected by trained field workers and are of good quality. All the data have been checked for sensitivities and geographical/typographical errors.
The breeding range of the Greenshank was defined using records from the 1968-72 and 88-91 breeding birds atlases and additional records from 1968-94 from SSDB (sensitive species database). Evidence for breeding was noted in 332 10-km squares and this formed the breeding range for Greenshanks. The squares were then stratified into high and low categories using abundance data, the 10-km were split into 5-km squares giving a total of 348 and 980 in the high and low stratum respectively. 49 low and 52 high stratum squares were then selected at random to give a sampling intensity for the whole range of around 8%.
<br /><br />
Each 5km square was sampled first between the 10th April and the 25 May and then again between 26 May and 10 July. The dates were chosen as a compromise between the typical arrival time and departure time of Greenshanks to their territories. Surveys took place at any time before 18.00GMT and were not undertaken during times of low visibility, high wind or continuous rain. Sampling effort was concentrated in accordance with Greenshank ecology so certain areas were excluded (areas above 800m, slopes steeper than 13%, built up areas, enclosed farmland, dense native or planted forest of thicket stage or older, sea cliffs, the sea below low tide and off-shore islands smaller than 25ha).
<br /><br />
'Wet' (lochs, pools systems, rivers, wet bogs and coastal habitats not listed above) habitats were surveyed in their entirety and in 'dry' (peatland without standing water, dry moorland, open or recently planted forests) habitats surveyors passed within 500m of all areas. Any Greenshanks were recorded on a map and the territories in this dataset were then derived from this.
These data were collected under the Statutory Conservation Agencies RSPB Annual Breeding Birds Scheme (SCARABBS) programme. Please acknowledge SCARABBS, RSPB, JNCC and SNH in any use of the data.
Looking up... the number of records that can be accessed through the NBN Atlas. This resource was last checked for updated data on 21 Nov 2016. The most recent data was published on 21 Nov 2016.Click to view records for the Greenshank national survey in the UK, 1995 resource.